International Vocational Education and Training Association

Trends in Vocational Education

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  • 21 Dec 2016 10:09 PM
    Reply # 4471081 on 1293303

    There is a need for Globally unified standard ,, despite of regional competencies standard ,, this new policy should be able to adapt any standards and accepted globally ,,, and I believe the process is already being initiated ,, lets wait for the outcome 







    Last modified: 21 Dec 2016 10:10 PM | Mahendran Subramaniam @ Maniam
  • 29 Jan 2017 5:22 AM
    Reply # 4573814 on 1293303

     

    Cable warns of 'appalling' record on skills

    Sean Coughlan  Education correspondent  25 January 2017 (BBC Education)

    "Britain has done appallingly badly at vocational education for many years," says Sir Vince Cable, former business secretary, as Theresa May's industrial strategy promises to regenerate technical training and tackle the skills shortage.

    But why has this always been such a struggle? You could build a paper mountain out of all the plans to give vocational education the same status as university degrees, A-levels and GCSEs.

    "It's a deeply cultural thing," says Sir Vince, who held office during the Coalition government.

    "It got built into the British mindset... if you're clever, you go to university, and if you're not so clever you go off and do a trade of some sort," he says.

    "It's still the case that if you're academically inclined and you don't know what to do, you go to university.

    "The others are told, 'Why not do an apprenticeship?' without being given much of a steer as to how to do it.

    "And that's completely wrong, for many people it would be better if they went down that route from day one."


    Moved reply from General Discussion Forum: 24 Mar 2017 9:06 AM
  • 29 Jan 2017 5:35 AM
    Reply # 4573831 on 1293303

    'Skills gap' causes strategic reassessment from universities (Jarrett Carter, 24th January 2017)

    Dive Brief:

       The Chronicle of Higher Education profiles the mad dash from colleges and universities to realign their academic offerings with workforce development needs, which companies suggest are not being filled because institutions are lacking focus on skill development. 

       Pennsylvania higher education officials note that while 43% of working adults hold a higher education credential, an assessment of workforce needs reveals that 57% of jobs require them, yielding a double-digit deficit in the number of qualified professionals statewide needed to meet industrial demand. 

       Skeptics say that the skills gap question is a phantom issue, suggesting that many of the jobs being posted now require credentials that are not overtly required for the job to be performed, or not possessed by workers currently in similar positions.

    Dive Insight:

    While it is the role of colleges to stimulate innovation and inspiration in graduates, the industry is also bearing the burden of fine-tuning workforce training for graduates. In most respects, that training is created by the work ethic of students willing to find and secure internships while enrolled to better prepare for their future careers. 

    Given the diminishing effectiveness of career development centers on campus and student disinterest in using them, college leaders should consider ways to bring more workforce development straight to campus. Edward Waters College's criminal justice program has the benefit of a police substation on campus, and Arizona State University engages students in its business holdings in a variety of areas. These are two examples where campuses can account for students' shortcomings or lack of knowledge about how to position themselves for career success after graduation. 


    'Skills gap' causes strategic reassessment from universities (Jarrett Carter, 24th January 2017)

    Dive Brief:

    Last modified: 29 Jan 2017 5:36 AM | Brenden Tempest-Mogg
    Moved reply from General Discussion Forum: 24 Mar 2017 9:08 AM
  • 31 Jan 2017 5:55 AM
    Reply # 4577281 on 1293303

    UK Apprenticeship targets 'poor value for money', says IFS

    By Sean Coughlan, (Education correspondent)

    The government's target to rapidly increase the number of apprentices risks being "poor value for money", says the Institute for Fiscal Studies.

    The think tank warns that it could devalue the "brand" of apprenticeships by turning it into "just another term for training".

    The government has a target of three million apprenticeships and is imposing a levy on employers to fund it.

    The Department for Education says standards are "rigorously checked".

    Report co-author Neil Amin-Smith says there is a "desperate need" for better vocational training - and the government's industrial strategy has emphasised the need to improve technical education.

    'Wildly optimistic'

    But the report warns the government has "failed to make a convincing case for such a large and rapid expansion in apprenticeships" and warns of "wildly optimistic" claims for how much extra earnings could be generated by the investment in apprentices.

    The analysis from the IFS casts doubt on the use of public money in the apprenticeships drive, funded by an employers' levy being introduced this spring which is expected to raise £2.8bn by 2019-20.

    The think tank warns that spending on apprenticeships will only increase by £640m, suggesting that most of the revenue raised will be spent elsewhere. The targets require an extra 600,000 apprentices per year, but the report says the incentives to hire apprentices could have the unintended consequence of deterring employers from paying to train their own employees.

    This could create "considerable risks to the efficient use of public money", says the study. There are also serious doubts about the wider impact. The study warns about the dilution of quality if other types of training are re-badged as apprenticeships.

    There is also a forecast that the cost of the employers' levy could push down wages for other workers.And the beneficiaries will not all be young school leavers - with the IFS report saying that almost half of the new apprentices are going to be over the age of 25. It also warns of a "cavalier use of statistics" in how the apprenticeships policy has been developed, which could undermine an otherwise "perfectly sensible case for a gradual expansion of apprenticeships". Labour's shadow skills minister Gordon Marsden said: "Rushing to hit a three million target without sorting out the quality or increasing the proportion of apprenticeships under the age of 25 means they risk failing to deliver the long-term skills strategy we need."


    Moved reply from General Discussion Forum: 24 Mar 2017 9:09 AM
  • 01 Feb 2017 10:48 AM
    Reply # 4580854 on 1293303

    Remedial courses cost USA $7B in 2014  (Jarrett Carter, Jan. 31, 2017) EDUCATION DIVE

    Dive Brief:

    • New data from the Hechinger Report indicates that more than 95% of schools enrolled students who required remedial courses during the 2014-15 academic year, good for more than 560,000 of the 17.3 million students enrolled in college that year. 
    • Research suggests that the remedial courses cost taxpayers more than $7 billion in grants and loans awarded by the student financial aid program. 
    • More than 30% of students at two- and four-year schools enrolled in remedial courses failed to complete a degree. 

    Dive Insight:

    As legislative and accrediting bodies demand that colleges do more to grant access to low-income and minority students, the casualties of secondary education deficits become more glaring in retention and graduation outcomes. This puts colleges in a difficult position of admitting high-caliber students from high performing secondary districts over students from low-performing districts with similar credentials. 

    It is up to college leaders to establish relationships with high schools and community colleges in order to better screen for capacity among incoming students. Additionally, developing and refining competency-based models can strengthen the effect of remedial education, while encouraging a diverse set of learners to remain engaged with higher learning.


    [This is the same in the UK, where standards are falling, and students/graduates lack skills and competencies. Vocational and Technical Training is on the wain as ‘everyone’ wants to go to university.] Brenden Tempest-Mogg

     


    Moved reply from General Discussion Forum: 24 Mar 2017 9:09 AM
  • 04 Feb 2017 1:58 PM
    Reply # 4591252 on 1293303

    Apprenticeships for the over-50s: Older workers will stay in jobs longer than flighty youth, UK Government says

    Camilla Turner

    The Telegraph       3 February 2017

    The over-50s should be encouraged to take up apprenticeships, the Government has said, as they are more likely to stick to a job for longer than the flighty younger generation.

    A report, published by the Department of Work and Pensions, urged companies to run training schemes for pensioners to help boost people's employment prospects later in life.

    ‎Its authors pointed out that older workers often remain in one job for longer, making it more worthwhile for companies to take them on and train them up. Barclays and Whitbread are among those running apprenticeship schemes for older people - Credit: Yui Mok

     “Older workers can often be overlooked when it comes to new training opportunities. Someone in their early 50s, however, can potentially stay with their employer for 15 to 20 years or longer,” it said.  

    “There is a clear case for investing in their future and, in so doing, that of the business.

    “Some employers are already recognising the importance of retraining, with Barclays and Whitbread among those running apprenticeship schemes for older people, [while] other employers have schemes in development.”

    The report, titled Fuller Working Lives: A Partnership Approach, said there are almost a million people aged between 50 and 64 who are not in employment but state they are willing to or would like to work.  

    Despite this, 11.3 per cent of those starting an apprenticeship in 2015/16 were aged between 45 and 59, while less than one per cent were agent 60 years and over.

    The vast majority of apprenticeships were taken up by those in  in younger age groups.  The Government is now rolling out “older claimant champions” to job centres across the country, in a bid to raise awareness about apprenticeships to those over 60.

    Currently there are a handful of these, but the number will be increased almost fivefold.  The report reflects the Government’s recent shift of focus in its skills policy, away from exclusively targeting the under-19s and towards adult education.  

    Previously, only under 25s could take up Government-funded apprenticeships. ‎However, the new industrial strategy green paper published last week committed the government to exploring “ambitious new approaches to encouraging lifelong learning”.

    The Secretary of State for Work and Pensions Damian Green said: “Nobody should write off hiring someone due to their age and it’s unacceptable that some older people are overlooked for roles they would suit completely.”

    “Most people are healthier for longer and so are able to extend their careers and take up new opportunities. I urge all businesses to reassess the value of older workers.”

    A DfE spokesman said that apprenticeships “work for people of all ages and backgrounds and can transform lives” adding: “We are committed to making sure that apprenticeships are as accessible as possible, to all people, from all backgrounds.”


    Moved reply from General Discussion Forum: 24 Mar 2017 12:57 PM
  • 11 Feb 2017 8:47 AM
    Reply # 4604187 on 1293303

    Cyber security lessons offered to schools in England  By Tom Symonds (Home Affairs correspondent (BBC NEWS) 10th February 2017

    www.bbc.co.uk

    Schoolchildren in England will be offered lessons in cyber security in a bid to find the experts of the future to defend the UK from attacks. 

    It is hoped 5,700 pupils aged 14 and over will spend up to four hours a week on the subject in a five-year pilot. Classroom and online teaching, "real-world challenges" and work experience will be made available from September. 

    A Commons committee last week warned that a skills shortage was undermining confidence in the UK's cyber defences. The risk that criminals or foreign powers might hack into critical UK computer systems is now ranked as one of the top four threats to national security. 

    'Cutting-edge skills'

    Russia in particular is suspected of planning sustained attacks on Western targets. Cyber security is a fast-growing industry, employing 58,000 experts, the government says, but the Public Accounts Committee has warned it is proving difficult to recruit people with the right skills. 

    UK's cyber security defences questioned

    Russian hacks 'aim to destabilise the West'

    The Department for Culture, Media and Sport is providing £20m for the new lessons, which will be designed to fit around pupils' current courses and exams.Digital and Culture Minister Matt Hancock said: "This forward-thinking programme will see thousands of the best and brightest young minds given the opportunity to learn cutting-edge cyber security skills alongside their secondary school studies. 

    'Pipeline of talent'

    "We are determined to prepare Britain for the challenges it faces now and in the future and these extra-curricular clubs will help identify and inspire future talent." The government is already providing university funding and work placements for promising students.

    An apprenticeship scheme has also begun to support key employers to train and recruit young people aged 16 or over who have a "natural flair for problem-solving" and are "passionate about technology". Mr Hancock told the BBC he wanted to ensure the UK "had the pipeline of talent" it would need.

    Cyber security expert Brian Lord, a former deputy director at GCHQ, told BBC Breakfast that the scheme was an "essential initiative" to recruit more people into the profession. He added: "There is perception that cyber security is all about techno geeks who have long hair, glasses, wear heavy metal t-shirts and drink red bull. 

    "There are those, and they do an extraordinarily good job. But there is a whole range of other activities... that can appeal to a wide cross section of children, graduates and apprentices, and at the moment they don't know what [is on] offer.

    "The more exposure [children] can get [the more it will] prepare them for a future career and, as that generation needs to understand how to be safe online, you get a double benefit." 


    Moved reply from General Discussion Forum: 24 Mar 2017 12:58 PM
  • 11 Feb 2017 9:22 AM
    Reply # 4604212 on 1293303
    MORE SMALL COLLEGES CLOSE IN THE USA

    Sadly another good college is closing: St. Josephe's College (1891) in Rensselaer, Indiana. All small colleges and universities are facing economic challenges due to changes in the market place necessitating huge students fees, more endowments, and local and state support. Institutions are facing large operating costs, including staff/admin wages, plant/campus maintenance increases, loan repayments, and excessive accreditation costs and demands. Plus there is competition with overseas universities who are much cheaper, many offering 2 and 3 year Bachelor Degree programmes, with incentives. Also, students can take courses online/distance learning for very low fees and study at their own pace.  Why graduate with huge debts? Competency-based education and 'Top-Up' courses are becoming popular. Many students like to boast that they have a degree from another country. The 'Golden Age' of American Higher Education has passed. Students are more savvy, and quick to glean ideas from Social Media. Saint Joseph's isn't the fist college facing closure and it won't be the last. 

    What is interesting is that I have not seen any Vocational or Technical Colleges closing! Does this mean that these institutions are providing skills - vocational and technical training that is in demand? Are these instiutions better managed? Providing more relevant courses/programmes? Receiving more support/aid from local, State and Federal agencies? Is this trend only relevant to the USA?


    Moved reply from General Discussion Forum: 24 Mar 2017 12:59 PM
  • 01 Apr 2017 5:35 PM
    Reply # 4706694 on 1293303
    Here in Kenya, the main concerns in TVET is the overhaul of the curriculum to respond to labor market needs; mainstreaming of TVET to be an alternative to university education; building new TVET institutions and modernization of training equipment. Their is also the pertinent  question of the TVET trainers qualifications (knowledge and skills) - the government is currently upgrading the TVET teachers.
    Last modified: 01 Apr 2017 5:38 PM | WELDON KETER
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