International Vocational Education and Training Association

IVETA Journal

The IVETA Journal is a peer-reviewed publication and members are encouraged to submit articles.

It is only published electronically and accessible to members who must sign in with their email and password by clicking here:  Journal Online


Dr. Robert Clarke and Dr. Liz Richard from the Centre for Professional Development for Career and Technical Education at Temple University in Philadelphia, PA, USA. Click here for the Editors' Background.

Submit a Manuscript for the Journal:

The International Vocational Education and Training Association (IVETA) is inviting authors to submit their manuscripts for publication in the IVETA journal.

Manuscripts will be accepted on an ongoing basis.

 Benefits to Authors:

  • High visibility and promotion of your research
  • Efficient publication process
  • Professional feedback on submissions

All manuscripts should be formatted in APA 6th edition style, and must be applicable to one of the following categories:

  • Research in areas of technical and vocational education and training
  • Best practices in the area of technical and vocational education and training

Please submit your manuscripts to the attention of Dr. Robert Clark, Associate Professor at Temple University or Dr. Elizabeth Richard, Assistant Professor at Temple University at:

Tips for Writing Acceptable Manuscript for

International Journal of Vocational Education and Training (IJVET) 

There is no blue print for writing a publishable manuscript because different journals make different demands.  Nevertheless, reputable journals demand high quality manuscripts and International Journal of Vocational Education and Training (IJVET) is no exception.  Acceptable and publishable manuscripts in IJVET must reflect the following features. IJVET welcomes high quality manuscripts that potentially contribute to theoretical knowledge and application in the field of vocational education and training with national and international outreach. The following features are paramount for high quality manuscripts.

Conceptual Framework  

  • A quality manuscript starts with developing a conceptual framework. It sets the stage for a constructive foundation for writing a quality paper. It is used to provide theoretical background of the problem to be investigated in the study and to entice and convince the reader of the relevance of the study. It is important that the theoretical framework is coherent and connected with the related literature in a manner that addresses the scope and the nature of the study.

Problem Statement

  • The problem statement needs to flow from the theoretical background to give it a continuity. It should be written in a way that delineates the observed problem to be investigated in the study within the area of vocational education and training. The problem should be concisely and clearly articulated.  It should worded and posed as a problem or a puzzle that needs to be solved.

Research Questions/Hypotheses

  • Research questions or hypotheses depends on the type of research study being conducted and should be derived from the problem statement. Research questions or hypotheses should be vividly stated so that the reader should not play a guessing game trying to decide what the research questions or the hypotheses are.
  • Avoid ambiguous research questions or hypotheses.

Contribution to the field of Vocational Education, Practice and Training

  • The study may investigate aspects of vocational education from teaching or application point view, offering new insight; providing information or data that go beyond what is known presently as well as advancing theories in the field.
  • Providing fresh and deeper understanding of the phenomenon under investigation rather than a shallow description of events or practices in the field of vocational education and training.
  • The question to ask is: does the research provide data to add to knowledge in the area of vocational education?

Literature Review

  •  Insightful literature review is recommended. 
  • Merely mentioning authors or stating what they said is not a proper way to provide illuminating review of relate literature.
  •  A critical reflection of literature is required in order to better understand the problem of interest.
  • Credible sources like peer reviewed articles are recommended.  
  • Authors should avoid relying on unpublished papers which may not be credible.
  •  It is important to cite from original work and accurately report findings.
  •  It is not advisable to have a long list of previous work without specifying their connection to the present study.
  •  If classic study is cited, it should be explained as such.
  •  In most cases, use current literature in vocational education and training or articles that are pertinent to current study.
  • Do not limit your literature review to your own work or that of your colleagues.
  •  IJVET has a wide audience and this should be reflected in the literature review so that the study can have a broader appeal.

Research Methodology

  • The population should be clearly described and the number of the participants specified.
  •  Evidence should be provided to establish that the population selected is appropriate for the study at hand.
  •  If sample is used, a vivid description is required and the method of sampling should be explained.
  •  A representative sample of the population is required and the number of the sampled subjects is also required.
  •  Methods of data collection should be clearly described.
  • Briefly discuss the approaches for developing the instrument for data collection.
  • Establish validity and reliability of the instrument used for data collection and described how it is achieved.

Research Design

  • Choose design that is appropriate for the study.
  • Justify your choice of design by briefly describing why it is suitable for the study
  • Describe your research design in a step by step approach
  • Describe any threat to your design and how you address such threat.

Findings and Discussion

  • Results should be derived from the data analysis. Sometimes results are not supported by available data contained in the study. This should be avoided.
  • Avoid using inappropriate statistics techniques.
  • Appropriate statistics should be used and it is important that authors briefly explain the appropriateness of the statistical analyses employed.
  • Discussion should not be based on the repetition of the findings.
  •  Discussion should be based on interpreting the results and pointing out similarities and inconsistencies within the existing literature in the area of vocational education and/or related areas.
  •  In the discussion section, authors should attempt to situate their findings within the existing body of knowledge in the area of vocational education and training.
  • Conditions or situations that may impact methodological design or ecological generalization should be acknowledged.


  • Conclusion should be based on the interpretation of the results following data analysis.
  •  Conclusions should be drawn within the scope of the results
  • Avoid conclusion which is beyond the scope of the data generated.
  •  Conclusion should not be a repeat of the discussion

Implications and Recommendations

  • Identify the outcome and the pitfall of the study
  • Discuss the potential benefits of the research to existing body of knowledge in the field of vocational education and training.
  • Questions which the study is not able to answer should be identified.
  •  Recommendation for future is usually based on the study limitations
  • Future study could emanate from the flaws observed from the current study
  • Future study could come  from a desire to carry out similar study in a different location


Style, Word Limit, References and APA Format

  • Manuscript should be well edited before submission.
  • High quality writing style is required for acceptable manuscript for IJVET publication.
  • Manuscripts should be 5,000 words in length.
  • References both in the body of the manuscript and in the reference page should reflect American Psychological Association (APA) format.

Information on the Editors:

Dr. Clark and Dr. Richard, faculty members at Temple University, Philadelphia, PA., are pleased and excited to assume the roles of co-editors of the IVETA on-line journal. 

Dr. Robert Clark received his BS Degree in Agricultural Education from North Carolina State University in December of 1983. He taught high school agriculture for three years in Williamston, NC and also worked as a loan officer with the Farm Credit Service from August of 1987 until August of 1988. He earned his Master of Education Degree from North Carolina State in December of 1987. Dr. Clark taught high school agriculture for two years at West Craven High School in Vanceboro, NC until June of 1990. In August of 1993, he earned his Ph.D. from The Pennsylvania State University in Agricultural Education with an emphasis in Career and Technical Education Leadership. He was the Assistant Director at the Dauphin County Technical School in Harrisburg, PA from 1993 until 2001, then served as the Administrative Director there until August 2007.  From August 2008 through December 2012, Dr. Clark served on faculty at The Pennsylvania State University as an Associate Professor of Education in the Workforce Education and Development program. He became the Executive Director for the Center for Professional Development in Career and Technical Education at Temple University in Philadelphia, PA in January of 2013 and currently serves in that position.  Dr. Clark has received numerous grants during his career and currently administers the $1.1 million budget for the center at Temple. He has also published numerous articles on career and technical education leadership, agricultural education proficiency awards, cooperative education, and experiential learning in refereed journals in career and technical education. Additionally, he works as a consultant for the Pennsylvania Association of Career and Technical Administrators and has authored numerous research reports and professional development plans for the organization.

Dr. Elizabeth Richard
received her BA Degree magna cum laude in History from West Virginia University in 1978.  Following a career in the banking industry, she began teaching secondary social studies courses in Lancaster, PA.  While teaching applied social studies courses for high school career and technical school students, she earned an MS Degree in Workforce Education and Development from The Pennsylvania State University. In 2002, she was hired as the Cooperative Education Coordinator at Dauphin County Technical School in Harrisburg, PA. In 2011, she also assumed supervision of the Adult Education Program at DCTS. While earning a Ph.D. in Workforce Education and Development from The Pennsylvania State University, she spent a sabbatical year working for the Professional Development Center at the Pennsylvania State University.  In August of 2013, Dr. Richard was hired as a fulltime faculty member in the College of Education at Temple University.  She is currently employed in the Center for Professional Development in Career and Technical Education at Temple University in Philadelphia, PA.  Dr. Richard has extensive experience evaluating career and technical education programs in Pennsylvania in accordance with the benchmarks and quality indicators as established by the Pennsylvania Department of Education.  She also has expertise in establishing industry and agency partnerships in order to provide work based learning opportunities for students and training opportunities for adults.  Dr. Richard has authored several articles on the topic of cooperative education and the relationship between work-based learning opportunities and student achievement.

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